Les reproduzco el póster que presentamos en el último congreso de la ISSID 2013 celebrado en Barcelona. Aprovecho para agradecer a Mª Ángeles Quiroga su invitación.
Volunteer’s Motives and Subjective Well-being
Cabrera Darias, Marcial; Marrero Quevedo, Rosario J. & Carballeira Abella, Mónica
Volunteer is a person that expends his/her time helping others without receiving financial compensation. Recently, studies about the effects of volunteering on the psychological well-being are developing. Volunteer participation have showed positive consequences on the provider and recipients of help (Thoits & Hewitt, 2001). Some studies suggested that the experience as volunteer allows to accomplish individual goals and it has repercussions on greater life satisfaction and mental and physical health (Van Willigen, 2000). Some individuals’ motivations for involving in volunteering have been: to help others, to develop the self, to express personal values, to enhance self-esteem, to learn new skills or to solve ego-conflicts (Omoto & Snyder, 1995). Previous findings had been contradictory about whereas the self-oriented motivations were more or less important than others oriented motivations. In this study, the motivations of volunteers to participate in community work and the relationship with the subjective well-being are analysed.
Participants: 153 individuals, ranging in age from 17 to 65 (Mean= 36.20). 44 men (28.8%) and 109 women (71.2%).
Half of the participants indicated as the main motives for participating in volunteering: to help others, fulfilment, need to do something useful, and feel good or in peace.
The relationship between subjective well-being and volunteer’s motives was analyzed. Happiness was associated to the request of the organization, and negative emotions were related to previous private experiences. Relationships between motives of volunteering, life satisfaction and positive emotions were not found.
The time of permanence was associated to the desire of doing something useful, being at peace with themselves, moral obligation, requesting of the organization, previous experiences and self-actualization. Relationships between motives and subjective well-being varied in each indicator.
- The results showed that the main motives for participating in volunteering are auto-centered more than hetero-centered. Thus, the volunteer involves anything else than an altruistic behavior.
- The motives were associated to the time spent in the organization but showing few relations to well-being.
- The interest showed by the organization in the collaboration of the individual was associated to happiness.
- Curiously, to live previous experiences or private personal circumstances could produce negative emotions and decrease well-being.
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